Autonomous Republics. Chart. 1922
Original Source: Territorial’noe i administrativnoe delenie SSSR (Moscow, 1924).
Having considered the general background of the revolutionary philosophy of self-determination and of its application in administration, the numerous autonomous territories which have been created in Soviet Russia may be enumerated. The old divisions of Russia gave way to new ones in which it would appear that the Bolsheviks had intended to dig up history and revive a number of tribes and peoples of centuries past so that a present chart of Russia has a kind of nightmare resemblance to the historical-ethnographical map of primitive Russia. In some of these areas there is a Russian majority, but, omitting the element of political expediency, the reason for the administrative unit may have been not so much principles of nationality as customs and habits. A list is given here of the territorial divisions which have arisen. About half of the new formations are inhabited by Muslims. Of the autonomous republics, all are included as a part of the RSFSR with the following exceptions: Moldavia is included in the Ukraine, the Tadzhik republic in Uzbekistan, the Nakhichevan republic in Azerbaijan, and Adzharia and Abkhazia form a part of Georgia. The list is given below.
|Autonomous Republic||When Formed||Area in Sq. kilometers||Population (add 000)|
|1||Bashkir||March 23, 1919||145,380||2,691|
|2||Tatar||May 27, 1920||67,241||2,622|
|3||Kirghiz||August 26, 1920||2,009,303||6,491|
|4||Daghestan||Jan 20, 1921||55,272||788|
|5||Gorsk||Jan 20, 1921||…..||…|
|6||Abkhazia||March 4, 1921||8,172||199|
|7||Turkestan||April 11, 1921||…..||…|
|8||Adzharsk||June 16, 1921||1,329||129|
|9||Crimea||Oct 18, 1921||25,775||700|
|10||Yakutsk||April 27, 1922||4,023,407||279|
|11||Karelia||July 25, 1923||146,313||267|
|12||Buryat-Mongol||Sept 12, 1923||419,000||522|
|14||German Volga||Feb. 20, 1924||27,423||571|
|15||Moldavia||Oct. 12, 1924||8,288||567|
|16||Tadzhik||Feb. 4, 1925||154,095||827|
|17||Chuvash||June 15, 1925||18,413||894|
|18||Kirghiz||April 30, 1927||195,171||997|
The Kirghiz ASSR was renamed Kazak ASSR by virtue of a decree dated October 14, 1924 At the same time a Kara-Kirghiz autonomous region was formed out of the former republic. A decree dated May 27, 1925, changed the name to Kirghiz autonomous and finally On April 30, 1927, the transformation into the Kirghiz ASSR was effected.
By a decree dated November 30, 1922, the Gorsk ASSR was transformed into two autonomous regions on the basis of national characteristics: the Severno-Ossetiia and Ingushetiia. Part of the Gorsk ASSR was transferred to the Kabarda-Balkarsk region and to the Karachevo-Cherkess region.
Abkhazia is called a “treaty socialist soviet republic.” … Turkestan disappeared as such after the territorial redistribution of Central Asia in 1925 and the consequent formation of the Uzbek and Turkmen Socialist Soviet Republics.
Source: Walter Russell Batsell, Soviet Rule in Russia (New York: The Macmillan Company, 1929), p. 124.