Politburo composition, 1917-1949

Politburo composition, 1917-1949.

 

Leadership of the Communist Party

Politburo of the Central Committee
10 [23] Oct 1917 Bubnov, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Lenin, Sokolnikov, Stalin and Trotsky elected members of the Political Bureau at the Central Committee meeting
Oct 1917 Political bureau ceased to function after the success of the Bolshevik coup in Petrograd (October 25 [November 7], 1917)
25 Mar 1919 Kamenev, Krestinskii, Lenin, Stalin and Trotsky elected full members at the Central Committee plenum; Bukharin, Zinoviev and Kalinin elected candidate members
Jul – Sep 1919 According to an agreement between the Politbiuro and the Orgbiuro, chief secretary of the Central Committee Stasova temporarily joined the Politbiuro in July to Sept 1919
5 Apr 1920 Kamenev, Krestinskii, Lenin, Stalin and Trotsky elected full members at the Central Committee plenum; Bukharin, Zinoviev and Kalinin elected candidate members
16 Mar 1921 Zinoviev, Kamenev, Lenin, Stalin and Trotsky elected full members at the Central Committee plenum; Bukharin, Kalinin and Molotov elected candidate members
3 Apr 1922 Zinoviev, Kamenev, Lenin, Rykov, Stalin, Tomskii and Trotsky elected full members at the Central Committee plenum; Bukharin, Kalinin and Molotov elected candidate members
26 Apr 1923 Zinoviev, Kamenev, Lenin, Rykov, Stalin, Tomskii and Trotsky elected full members at the Central Committee plenum; Bukharin, Kalinin, Molotov and Rudzutak elected candidate members
21 Jan 1924 Lenin died
2 Jun 1924 Bukharin, Zinoviev, Kamenev, Rykov, Stalin, Tomskii and Trotsky elected full members at the Central Committee plenum; Dzerzhinskii, Kalinin, Molotov, Rudzutak, Sokolnikov and Frunze elected candidate members
31 Oct 1925 Frunze died
1 Jan 1926 Bukharin, Voroshilov, Zinoviev, Kalinin, Molotov, Rykov, Stalin, Tomskii and Trotsky elected full members at the Central Committee plenum; Dzerzhinskii, Kamenev, Petrovskii, Rudzutak and Uglanov elected candidate members
20 Jul 1926 Dzerzhinskii died
23 Jul 1926 Zinoviev relieved of duties at the Central Committee plenum; Rudzutak elected full member; candidate members re-elected as follows: Andreev, Kaganovich, Kamenev, Kirov, Mikoian, Ordzhonikidze, Petrovskii, Uglanov
23 Oct 1926 Trotsky and Kamenev relieved of duties at the joint plenum of the Central Committee and the Central Control Commission
3 Nov 1926 Ordzhonikidze relieved of duties at the joint plenum of the Central Committee and the Central Control Commission; Chubar elected candidate member
19 Dec 1927 Bukharin, Voroshilov, Kalinin, Kuibyshev, Molotov, Rykov, Rudzutak, Stalin and Tomskii elected full members at the Central Committee plenum; Andreev, Kaganovich, Kirov, Kossior, Mikoian, Petrovskii, Uglanov and Chubar elected candidate members
29 Apr 1929 Uglanov relieved of duties at the Central Committee plenum; Bauman elected candidate member
21 Jun 1929 Syrtsov elected candidate member at the Central Committee plenum
17 Nov 1929 Bukharin relieved of duties at the Central Committee plenum
13 Jul 1930 Voroshilov, Kaganovich, Kalinin, Kirov, Kossior, Kuibyshev, Molotov, Rudzutak, Rykov and Stalin elected full members at the Central Committee plenum; Andreev, Mikoian, Petrovskii, Saratov and Chubar elected candidate members
1 Dec 1930 Saratov relieved of duties by questionnaire at the Central Committee plenum
21 Dec 1930 Rykov and Andreev relieved of duties at the joint plenum of the Central Committee and the Central Control Commission; Ordzhonikidze elected full member
4 Feb 1932 Rudzutak relieved of duties at the Central Committee plenum; Andreev elected full member
10 Feb 1934 Andreev, Voroshilov, Kaganovich, Kalinin, Kirov, Kossior, Kuibyshev, Molotov, Ordzhonikidze and Stalin elected full members at the Central Committee plenum; Mikoian, Petrovskii, Postyshev, Rudzutak and Chubar elected candidate members
1 Dec 1934 Kirov assassinated
25 Jan 1935 Kuibyshev died
1 Feb 1935 Mikoian and Chubar elected full members at the Central Committee plenum, Zhdanov and Eikhe elected candidate members
18 Feb 1937 Ordzhonikidze committed suicide
26 May 1937 Rudzutak expelled from the Central Committee and party by questionnaire (arrested 25 May 1937)
12 Oct 1937 Ezhov elected candidate member at the Central Committee plenum
14 Jan 1938 Postyshev relieved of duties at the Central Committee plenum; Khrushchev elected candidate member
29 Apr 1938 Eikhe arrested
3 May 1938 Kossior arrested (executed 26 Feb 1939)
16 Jun 1938 Chubar relieved of duties by the Politbiuro decision
22 Mar 1939 Andreev, Voroshilov, Zhdanov, Kaganovich, Kalinin, Mikoian, Molotov, Stalin and Khrushchev elected full members at the Central Committee plenum; Beria and Shvernik elected candidate members
21 Feb 1941 Voznesenskii, Malenkov and Shcherbakov elected candidate members at the Central Committee plenum
10 May 1945 Shcherbakov died
18 Mar 1946 Beria and Malenkov elected full members, Bulganin and Kosygin candidate members at the Central Committee plenum
3 Jun 1946 Kalinin died
26 Feb 1947 Voznesenskii elected full member at the Central Committee plenum
18 Feb 1948 Bulganin approved full member by questionnaire
31 Aug 1948 Zhdanov died
4 Sep 1948 Kosygin approved full member by questionnaire
7 Mar 1949 Voznesenskii relieved of duties by questionnaire

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