Nationalities in 1926 and 1937

Nationalities of the Union and Autonomous Republics of the USSR, according to the Censuses of 1926 and 1937. August 26, 1939

 

Original Source: Perepis’ 1939 goda: Dokumental’nye istochniki Tsentral’nogo gosudarstvennogo arkhiva narodnogo khoziaistva (TSGANKh) SSSR (Materialy k serii “Narody Sovetskogo Soiuza”). Moscow: Institut etnologii i etnicheskoi antropologii AN SSS

Top Secret
To the Chairman of the Council of People’s Commissars Comrade Viacheslav Mikhailovich Molotov:

The Central Administration of Economic Statistics of USSR Gosplan reports information on the national composition of the USSR by nationality, according to the censuses of 1926 and 1937.

In 1937 the ten most numerous nationalities in each republic, krai, and oblast were listed separately, and the other nationalities within each were included in the category “other nationalities.”

Thus the all-Union summary data from 1937 about the numerical size of some nationalities are not complete, for they do not include data from those oblasts where the given nationality was not among the ten most numerous.

Head of the Central Administration of Economic Statistics under the USSR Gosplan (I. Sautin)

Completely Secret Nationalities of the Union and Autonomous Republics of the USSR, According to the Censuses of 1926 and 1937

Nationality 1926 1937
Russian 77,791,124 93,933,065
Ukrainian 31,194,976 26,421,212
Belorussian 4,738,923 4,874,061
Kazakh 3,968,289 2,862,458
Uzbek 3,955,938 4,550,532
Tatar 3,029,995 3,793,413
Jew 2,672,499 2,715,106
Georgian 1,821,184 2,097,069
Azerbaijani 1,706,605 2,134,648
Armenian 1,568,197 1,968,721
Mordovian 1,340,415 1,248,867
German 1,238,549 1,151,601
Chuvash 1,117,419 1,167,817
Tadzhik 978,680 1,137,995
Turkmen 763,940 747,723
Kirghiz 762,736 846,503
Bashkir 713,693 757,935
Peoples of Daghestan 660,459 770,624
Udmurt 504,187 568,268
Mari 428,192 401,092
Chechen-Ingush 392,619 436,076
Komi 375,871 384,508
Moldavian 278,905 223,848
Ossetian 272,272 319,350
Karelian 248,120 233,006
Yakut 241,365 239,307
Buriat-Mongol 238,060 218,597
Karakalpak 146,317 179,292
Kabardin 139,925 150,690
Kalmyk 129,321 127,423
Cherkess 65,270 78,733
Abkhaz 56,957 55,561
Oirot 45,925 46,508
Khakass 45,608 48,334
Other Nationalities and Undistributed Nats 3,406,080 5,149,537
Total 147,037,915 162,039,470

(Signature illegible August 26, 1939.)

Source: Journal of Soviet Nationalities (Durham, N.C.: The Center, 1990-), Vol. I (Winter 1990-1991), p. 4.

 

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