Supreme Soviet, On the Demobilization of Senior Troops in the Standing Army. June 23, 1945
Translated by James von Geldern
Original Source: Sbornik zakonov S.S.S.R. i ukazov prezidiuma verkhovnogo soveta SSSR, 1945-1946 gg (Moskva: Verkhovnyi sovet SSSR, 1947), pp. 145-148.
In connection with the victorious conclusion of the Great Patriotic War against Fascist Germany, the Supreme Soviet of the USSR deems the demobilization of the oldest veterans necessary. Accordingly, the Supreme Soviet decrees:
1. To affirm the proposal of the Council of People’s Commissars for the first demobilization, of the thirteen oldest age cohorts of the army.
2. To complete the demobilization indicated in article 1 on the decree of the thirteen oldest cohorts during the second half of 1945.
3. To finance the transfer of demobilized soldiers to their place of residence with the state budget.
4. To provision demobilized soldiers en route to their place of residence from the state budget.
5. To provide demobilized soldier with a full suit of clothing and footwear.
6. To pay out to demobilized soldiers a one-time monetary reward for each year of service in the army during the course of the Great Patriotic War in the following sums:
a) lower ranks of all services and branches receiving pay according to general-service scale: one-year payment per year of service
b) lower ranks of special units and services paid according to a supplemented scale shall receive half-year salary for every year of service
c) non-commissioned officers of all branches of the military shall receive half-year salary for officer ranks at a rate not exceeding 900 rubles and not lower than 300 rubles per year of service.
d) officers serving during the period of the Great Patriotic War for: one year receive a two-month salary; two years receive a three-month salary; three years receive a four-month salary; four years receive a five-month salary
7. To commit the Council of People’s Commissars of republics and autonomous republics, the Executive Committees of regional and district councils, the directors of enterprises, factories and organizations in city districts to offer employment to demobilized military personnel no later than one month after their arrival at their places of residence, in full consideration of the experience they have acquired in Red Army specializations, and no lower than the employment provided them before their transfer into the army, and to provide demobilized military personnel with living space and fuel.
8. To commit the Executive Committees of district and rural councils and kolkhoz administrations to exert all forms of assistance to peasants demobilized from the army and returning to villages in the task of finding employment and starting households.
9. To commit the Council of People’s Commissars of republics and autonomous republics, the Executive Committees of regional and district councils in areas damaged by German occupation, to requisition cost-free lumber from state supplies for demobilized personnel needing to build or repair living space.
10. To commit the All-Union Housing Finance Banks (TsEKOMBANK) in districts damaged by German occupation to give demobilized military personnel needing loans for the construction or restoration of homes a sum of not less than 5000 rubles and not more than 10,000 rubles with a payment period from five to ten years.