Soviet scientists started working on civilian and military space technologies in the 1920s, and Stalin made sure to include funding for the Soviet Space Program in his Five Year Plans. By the 1930s Soviet scientists had developed both liquid and solid propellant rockets and multiple rocket launchers. The fearsome Katyusha multiple rocket launcher was mass produced during WWII, and was used to devastating effect against the Nazis. By the 1950s, the Soviets launched an earth-orbiting satellite (Sputnik) and tested an intercontinental ballistic missile (ICBM), to the great dismay of cold warriors in the west.
The Soviet Space Program inspired generations of Soviet artists, who peered into the future to envision fantastic spaceships, space travel and space worlds. Here are examples of space art featured in the popular science journal,Tekhnika molodezhi (Youth Technology), from the 1930s-1950s.