Supreme Soviet of the RSFSR, On Strengthening the Struggle with Persons Avoiding Socially Useful Work and Leading an Anti-Social, Parasitic Way of Life. May 4, 1961
Original Source: Vedomosti Verkhovnogo Soveta RSFSR, No. 18 (1961), stat’ia 273; Pravda, 21 July 1961.
Considering the wish of many thousands of toilers to strengthen the struggle with parasitic elements the Presidium of the USSR decrees:
1. It is ordered that adults capable of working, not wishing to perform their most important constitutional duty, the duty to work honestly in accordance with their abilities, and avoiding socially useful work, extracting unearned income from the exploitation of parcels of land, automobiles, living space, or committing other anti-social acts permitting them to lead a parasitic way of life, shall be subjected to banishment by order of a county (city) people’s court to specially designated places for a term of from two to five years, with confiscation of the property acquired by non-toiling means, and shall be compelled to work at the place to which they are sent.
Persons who obtain work in enterprises, in state and public offices, or by becoming members of collective farms only for the sake of appearances, and who, while enjoying the privileges and advantages of workers, collective farmers and office workers, in truth undermine labor discipline, occupy themselves with private-enterprise activities, live on resources obtained by non-toiling means or commit other anti-social offences permitting them to live a parasitic way of life shall also be subjected to the same measures of influence, established by an order of a county (city) people’s court, as well as by a sentence of the public issued by a group of toilers working together in a factory, shop, office, organization, collective farm and collective-farm brigade.
An order of a county (city) people’s court, or the sentence of the public to banishment of a person leading a parasitic way of life, shall issue only if, in spite of a warning of public organizations or state organs, the person leading a parasitic way of life fails to stand on the road to an honest toiling life within the period set for him.
2. The order of a county (city) people’s court with regard to a person avoiding socially useful work and leading an anti-social parasitic way of life shall be final and may not be appealed.
A sentence of the public to banishment must be confirmed by the executive committee of a county (city) soviet of toilers’ deputies, whose decision shall be final.
3. Exposure of persons leading an anti-social parasitic way of life and verification of all facts relating to this circumstance shall be carried out by the organs of militia and of the prosecutor’s office on the basis of the evidence they have, on the initiative of state and public organizations and the declarations of citizens. On completion of the verification the material with the sanction of the prosecutor shall be forwarded to the county (city) people’s court or to the toilers’ group for examination.
4. If on verification and examination of the evidence concerning the person leading a parasitic way of life, there is found in his acts indication of a crime, the case must be sent to the organs of the prosecutor’s office.
5. An order of the county (city) people’s court, as well as a sentence of the public on banishment shall be executed by the militia.
Persons refusing to work at the place of banishment, on recommendation of the organs of militia shall be committed by a county (city) people’s court to correctional labor with retention of 10 per cent of their wages, and if they also refuse to do correctional labor the court may substitute for it deprivation of freedom in accordance with the procedure of Article 28 of the criminal code of the RSFSR. The time served in correctional labor or deprivation of freedom shall not be counted in satisfaction of the term of banishment.
Flight from the place of banishment or en route thereto shall be punished under Article 186 of the criminal code of the RSFSR.
6. If a person subjected to banishment proves by his exemplary behavior and honest relationship to work that he has been rehabilitated, he may be freed before the end of his term, but not before at least half has been served, if public organizations so request the county (city) people’s court at the place of banishment and if the executive committee of the county (city) soviet of toilers’ deputies at the place of prior residence agrees.
7. The Council of Ministers of the RSFSR is authorized to issue an order putting into effect the necessary measures required by this decree.
Source: Bureau of Labor Statistics, Principal Current Soviet Labor Legislation: a compilation of documents (Washington: U.S. Dept. of Labor, 1962), p. 125.