TASS on Afghanistan

TASS, On Events in Afghanistan. December 30, 1979


Original Source: TASS, 30 December 1979.

… The uncalled-for interference of imperialist forces in the internal affairs of Afghanistan and constant armed intrusions from the outside created a great danger for the country. In 1978-1979, the Afghan government turned many times to the Soviet Union with requests of support, specifically with … requests of military aid in response to armed interference by imperialist forces.

The Soviet Union believed that imperialist forces… convinced of the irreversibility of the changes that have taken place in Afghanistan, would not go beyond a certain limit, would show consideration for realities. At the same time, our country made no secret that it will not allow Afghanistan being turned into a bridgehead for preparation of imperialist aggression against the Soviet Union.

But enemies of People’s Afghanistan did not stop armed struggle against it. Imperialist interference started assuming forms and proportions still broader and more dangerous for the Afghan people.

External imperialist reaction has been making continuous efforts also for… disorganizing the ranks of the People’s Democratic Party of Afghanistan.

Reaction found a helper for implementation of its anti-popular designs among the very leadership of Democratic Afghanistan. H. Amin turned out to be that helper. By deception and intrigues he got hold of the main levers of management of the state and then overthrew the lawful president N. Taraki and killed him. By his criminal actions, gross violation of law and order, by cruelty and abuse of power, Amin was undermining the ideals of the April Revolution. On his hands is the blood of many representatives of the industrious Afghan people, party leaders, honored military men, Moslem dignitaries and other honest citizens. Amin in actual fact teamed with the enemies of the April Revolution.

In conditions when interference from outside and terror unleashed by Amin within the country created a real threat to the democratic system, there were patriotic forces in Afghanistan which rose not only against foreign aggression but also against the usurper. Relying on the support of the people, they removed Amin. Revolutionary law and order was restored in the country. The People’s Democratic Party and the state are directing their efforts to protect the gains of the April revolution, sovereignty, independence and national dignity of Afghanistan.

… The Afghan Government has made again an insistent request that the Soviet Union should give immediate aid and support in the struggle against external aggression.

The Soviet Union decided to grant this request and to send to Afghanistan a limited Soviet military contingent that will be used exclusively for assistance in rebuffing the armed interference from the outside. The Soviet contingent will be completely pulled out of Afghanistan when the reason that necessitated such an action exists no longer.

Making this decision, the Soviet Union proceeded from the community of the interests of Afghanistan and our country in the questions of security recorded in the 1978 Treaty of Friendship, Good-neighborliness and Cooperation, out of the interest of preserving peace in the region.

Article Four of the Soviet-Afghan treaty says:

“Acting in the spirit of the traditions of friendship and good-neighborliness, as well as the United Nations Charter, the parties to the treaty will be consulting each other and with mutual consent will be taking appropriate measures to ensure security, independence and territorial integrity of both countries. In the interest of reinforcing defense potential of the parties to the treaty, they will continue developing cooperation in the military sphere.”

The request of the Afghan leadership and the positive response of the Soviet Union to this request also stem from the provisions of Article 51 of the United Nations Charter that envisages the inalienable right of states to collective and individual self-defense to rebuff an aggression and restore peace….

Source: Foreign Broadcast Information Service, Daily Report (28 and 31 December 1979), D3, D5 & D7, D11.

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